All About UNIX vi command

a. cursor movements (items below are sometimes called objects):
h - left one character
l - right one character
j - down one line
k - up one line
w - right one word
b - back one word
$ - to the end of line
0 - to the beginning of the line
) - right one sentence
( - left one sentence
} - right one paragraph
{ - left one paragraph

Ctrl-F - forward one page
Ctrl-B - back one page
G - go to (without arguments, go to end of file)

b. deleting:
d - delete
then add one of the cursor movement symbols to
show what should be deleted, i.e.:
d$ - delete to end of line
d0 - delete to the beginning of the line
d} - delete to the end of paragraph
dd - delete delete (delete the whole line)
x - delete character cursor is on
c. other basic commands:
r - replace one character
ZZ - save and exit (hold down shift and press "z" twice)
y - yank (copy into temporary buffer)
then add cursor movement symbol to show what should be
copied, for example: y) - copy to the end of sentence
Y - yank line cursor is on
p - paste below cursor line (deleted or copied text)
P - paste above cursor line
u - undo last editing command
/sometext - search for "sometext"
d. any command can take numeric argument before the name of "object", .e.:
5dd - delete 5 lines beginning with cursor line (or) d5d - same
2dw - delete two words (or) d2w - delete two words
c3w - change 3 words
3Ctrl-B - move up three pages
1G - go to the first line
e. external commands can be performed on the selected text (in lines)
if command is started with "!", i.e.:
!}fmt - reformat paragraph to 72 columns
f. command line (sometimes called "ex mode"):
g. from the command line a "set" command can be executed to
customize editing environment, i.e.:
:set all - will show the state of all options
:set number - will show on the screen numbers of all lines
:set autoindent // obvious
h. from the command line operations can be performed on the range of ines,
:18,24 del - delete from line 18 to line 24
:23,48 copy 17 - block from line 23 to 48 copy to line 17
:2,17 move 92 - block from line 2 to 17 move to line 92
i. from the command line any external UNIX command can be performed on
the range of lines if line range is superseded by "!":
:11,16! sed -e "s/^/\/\*/" -e "s/$/\*\//"
(the command above wraps the block of text with
"C" style comments - /* text */. It can be done
easier, but this is an example)
:14,19! sort -r +3
(sort the table in reverse order by fourth column)
j. file manipulation from the command line:
:r somefile - read in "somefile"
:x - save and exit (if file is "Read Only", this command will
exit without saving)
:wq - write and quit (same as above)
:w - write (save) if the file permissions allow it
:w! - save file even if it is read-only as long as we own it
:w somefile - save this file as "somefile"
:q - quit without saving
:q! - quit without saving if changes were made
k. text input commands (all require "Esc" to terminate):
i - insert text before the character cursor is on
I - insert text at the beginning of the line
a - append (insert text after the character cursor is on)
A - append text to the end of the line
c - change (replace previous text with new one)
takes arguments just like the delete command - it is
a fast and powerful way of changing original text -
much more so than typical "overwrite"
R - start overwriting text
o - start entering text at the beginning of the new line
below the cursor
O - start entering text at the beginning of the new line
above the cursor
l. if in doubt, press "Esc"


  1. The initial step in network marketing on Facebook
    is always to open a free account. We have a forum where
    registered users replies and posts on Windows 7. I feel your
    pain, fellow companies.

    Feel free to visit my page (

  2. Have you ever thought about adding a little bit more
    than just your articles? I mean, what you say is fundamental and everything.
    But just imagine if you added some great images or video clips to give your posts more,
    "pop"! Your content is excellent but with images and video clips, this website
    could certainly be one of the best in its niche. Excellent blog!

    Check out my web page; webpage; ,

  3. The battery life of one's phone is likewise influenced.
    If you're on the state carrier (ie AT & T in USA),
    ensure this method is deselected.

    Here is my site ... Cydia Tweaks to Enhance your LockScreen (

  4. Thank you for sharing your info. I truly appreciate
    your efforts and I am waiting for your next post thank you once again.

    Also visit my webpage :: Vietnam tours

  5. I have read so many articles regarding the blogger lovers except this piece of
    writing is actually a pleasant article, keep
    it up.

    Review my web blog - toronto long term disability lawyer